|Internet Filters: A Public Policy Report - MarjorIe Heins, Christina Cho, Ariel Feldman|
The revised and updated (2006) Internet Filters: A Public Policy Report illustrates that the widespread use of filters presents a serious threat to our most fundamental free expression values. There are much more effective ways to address concerns about offensive internet content. Filters provide a false sense of security, while blocking large amounts of important information in an often irrational or biased way...
Keywords: Intellectual Freedom; Internet
|"Intellectual freedom" - Red China style (Testimony of Chi-chou Huang) Hearings - United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities|
Keywords: Communism; Communism; Intellectual freedom
|ERIC ED316859: Foundations of an Idea: Galileo and Freedom of Expression. - ERIC|
This paper examines the origins of the principle of free expression as worked out by Galileo. It is intended to supplement standard histories of the development of free expression and to recover its history as part of the political project of postmodernism. The paper resurrects Galileo's encounters with entrenched beliefs in order to position free expression historically as an ideal that arose with the secularization of thought and the birth of modern science in the seventeenth century...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Freedom of Speech; Intellectual Freedom; Intellectual History; Postmodernism; Science History
|ERIC ED315864: Censorship of Curriculum Materials. ERIC Digest Series Number EA44. - ERIC|
What schools should teach and what materials they should use are fundamental questions. Censorhsip of K-12 curriculum materials threatens academic freedom, diversity of thought, and other important educational values. The definition of censorship is itself the subject of disagreement. Censorship cannot be clearly distinguished from the gatekeeping function that is exercised by those who select materials for use in schools...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Freedom; Censorship; Curriculum Evaluation; Elementary Secondary Education; Instructional Effectiveness; Instructional Materials; Intellectual Freedom
|ERIC ED376489: SLATE on Intellectual Freedom. - ERIC|
This compilation of materials from the SLATE (Support for the Learning and Teaching of English) Steering Committee of the National Council of Teachers of English reflects the ongoing concerns and discussions that SLATE has held about the free exchange of thoughts and ideas throughout its history. The collection contains "starter sheets" and newsletter articles, dealing with any aspect of intellectual freedom, that have been published in Volumes 1-17 of the SLATE newsletter since its inception in...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Censorship; Civil Liberties; Elementary Secondary Education; English Curriculum; English Instruction; Intellectual Freedom; Legal Problems
|Antioch Confidential - Brian Springer|
The video and companion article “Antioch Confidential” examine the closed control and destabilization of Antioch College by Antioch University. “Antioch Confidential” documents the damage to educational processes when “control” is mistaken for “leadership,” and “command” is confused with “vision.” The events taking place at Antioch College are a case study of recent trends in higher education today...
Keywords: antioch college, libraries, abu ghraib, L3 Titan, white house, paramilitary, homeland security, intellectual freedom, temptations
|ERIC ED307876: Controversies, Collections, and the Academic Library's Educational Role. - ERIC|
This examination of the issue of intellectual freedom in academic libraries provides examples of recent controversies, and argues that the library's response to such controversies provides an opportunity to emphasize its educational role. It is noted that academic libraries are full of controversial materials, and that this is necessary if the library is to be able to make information available that presents more than one point of view on issues...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Libraries; Censorship; Educational Philosophy; Higher Education; Intellectual Freedom; Library Collection Development; Library Role; Moral Issues; Racial Bias
|ERIC ED344607: Oregon Intellectual Freedom Clearinghouse: Fourth Annual Report. July 1, 1990-June 30, 1991. - ERIC|
This report on the activities of the Oregon Intellectual Freedom Clearinghouse during the time period between July 1, 1990, and June 30, 1991, begins with a summary of data on challenges against library materials reported to the clearinghouse during this time period. Details about each challenge reported by public libraries and school library media centers during the year are then given. It is noted that the clearinghouse has collected data about intellectual freedom challenges since 1987, and a...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Censorship; Elementary Secondary Education; Intellectual Freedom; Learning Resources Centers; Library Collections; Library Materials; Literature; Public Libraries; School Libraries
|ERIC ED315604: Student Autonomy in Adult Classes. Manchester Monographs No. 26. - ERIC|
"Autonomy" is an ambiguous term that can denote either the right of adults to manage their own affairs or their actual or potential ability to do so. These various senses of the word are regularly, and often indiscriminately, employed by adult educators. Personal autonomy is probably developed most effectively in a traditional kind of instructional situation, since people who initially lack the confidence or ability to undertake the management of their own education are likely to find the tradit...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adult Education; Educational Environment; Foreign Countries; Independent Study; Intellectual Freedom; Outcomes of Education; Personal Autonomy
|ERIC ED360675: First Amendment, Free Exercise and Establishment Clause Challenges for School Districts. - ERIC|
This paper discusses the potential impact of a federal bill, H.R. 2797, or the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, on public education. A concern is that legislation will be interpreted more strictly than the normally broad constitutional standards, which may result in a lack of support for treating schools differently than other public entities. The ramifications of the act for the following specific concerns are discussed: distribution of religious materials; religious dress issues; accommodati...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Constitutional Law; Court Litigation; Elementary Secondary Education; Federal Legislation; Intellectual Freedom; Religion; State Church Separation
|ERIC ED314081: Video and Library Privacy Protection Act of 1988. Joint Hearing before the Subcommittee on Courts, Civil Liberties, and the Administration of Justice of the House Committee on the Judiciary and the Subcommittee on Technology and the Law of the Senate Committee on the Judiciary. One Hundredth Congress, Second Session on H.R. 4947 and S. 2361. - ERIC|
This hearing was held to address two bills designed to protect the privacy of users of video and library services, H.R. 4947 and S. 2361. The report opens with the full text of both bills and opening statements made by Representative Robert W. Kastenmeier, Senator Patrick J. Leahy, and Representative Carlos J. Moorhead. Testimony and prepared statements are then presented from Representative Alfred A...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Federal Legislation; Hearings; Intellectual Freedom; Library Circulation; Library Planning; Position Papers; Privacy; Public Libraries; Users (Information); Videotape Recordings
|ERIC ED376547: Deconstructing the Notion of "Policy Hysteria": Five Readings, Some Unprincipled Coupling, and No Happy Endings. Re-draft. - ERIC|
This paper seeks to tell and untell five stories about the notion of "policy hysteria." The first story, about developments in vocationalism in the United Kingdom over the last decade, serves as illustration for the second story, which is a critical analysis of vocationalist discourse. It is alleged that vocationalist discourse is made irrational by a whole series of shifts and displacements in meaning and activity, amounting to a condition of "policy hysteria." The third story picks up and pick...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Educational Change; Educational Policy; Foreign Countries; Intellectual Freedom; Policy Formation; Postmodernism; School Restructuring; Vocational Education
|ERIC ED300018: Schoolbook Censorship USA. - ERIC|
This paper examines the censorship of school library books and school textbooks in American public schools, with particular emphasis on recent court cases. The 1982 Supreme Court case, Island Trees Union Free School District versus Pico, is examined in detail, and it is argued that Justice Brennan established precedent for a "right to read" on the part of school students. Several textbooks that purportedly teach "secular humanism" are described...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Freedom; Boards of Education; Censorship; Court Litigation; Elementary Secondary Education; Intellectual Freedom; Public Schools; School Libraries; Textbooks
|ERIC ED306144: Textbook Censorship and Creation Science in Perspective. Revised. - ERIC|
The New Christian Right (NCR) has long wanted to impose fundamentalist Christian virtues and values on the United States. This paper discusses fundamentalist movements since the Scopes trial and assesses their impact on public school education. The NCR holds that traditional God-centered Christianity has been replaced in U.S. society and schools by a humanity-centered secularism, and that this reliance on man instead of God has caused many of our modern ills...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Freedom; Censorship; Course Content; Creationism; Elementary Secondary Education; Evolution; Intellectual Freedom; Moral Issues; Public Schools; Religious Discrimination; Religious Factors; State Church Separation; Textbooks
|ERIC ED307878: Intellectual Freedom Stands of American Bible College Libraries: Taken or Not Taken. - ERIC|
Selection policies, library handbooks, and other documents issued by American bible college libraries were examined to see what commitments they have or have not made to intellectual freedom. Many of the libraries were found to have directly addressed censorship matters. Some libraries took strong stands in support of the freedom to read, but others took stands in direct opposition to the freedom to read...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Censorship; Church Related Colleges; College Libraries; Guidelines; Higher Education; Intellectual Freedom; Library Collection Development; Library Guides; Library Policy; Moral Issues
|ERIC ED313725: Academic Freedom and the Management of Higher Education: An Administrative Perspective. - ERIC|
Academic freedom may be defined as the right to do that which a faculty member finds appropriate to scholarly inquiry and instruction, so long as it is not legally proscribed, does not constitute an explicit violation of institutional policy or a prior agreement to perform designated responsibilities and observe specified standards of conduct, and can be defended as having demonstrable educational significance...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Freedom; Administrative Policy; College Environment; Educational Administration; Faculty College Relationship; Freedom of Speech; Higher Education; Intellectual Freedom; Professional Autonomy
|ERIC ED355580: Censorship of Sexual Materials: A Selected, Annotated Basic Bibliography. - ERIC|
Updating a 1984 publication, this bibliography lists and briefly annotates 35 selected books (published from 1957 to 1987) about the censorship of sexual materials from ancient times to the present. A list of five reference sources is included for those who wish to add materials from periodicals. (SR)
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Annotated Bibliographies; Censorship; Freedom of Speech; Higher Education; Intellectual Freedom; Intellectual History; Obscenity; Pornography; Sexuality; Social Control; Speech Communication
|ERIC ED310975: Obstacles to Ethics Instruction. - ERIC|
Educators are being called upon by various groups to provide ethics instruction as part of the public schools' curricula. At the same time, teachers are coming under close scrutiny for accountability as well as being subjected to decisions about education made by legislators, school boards, and the courts. Moreover, they are finding themselves caught up in the moral ambiguity that characterizes today's society...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Citizenship Education; Ethical Instruction; Ethics; Intellectual Freedom; Moral Development; Moral Values; Role of Education; School Role; Secondary Education; Social Values; Teacher Role; Values Education
|ERIC ED308558: Government Style as a Factor in Information Flow: Television Programming in Argentina, l979-l988. - ERIC|
Noting that Argentina's recent history is particularly useful for analysis of the varying effects that differing government styles can have on a single mass communication system, a study compared Argentine (specifically Buenos Aires) television's 1979 programming schedule, prepared during a military dictatorship, with recent schedules prepared under democracy. The data were evaluated in order to test two hypotheses: (1) programming schedules prepared under conditions of greater freedom of speech...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cultural Context; Foreign Countries; Freedom of Speech; Government Role; Intellectual Freedom; International Communication; Mass Media Role; Programing (Broadcast); Television Research
|ERIC ED318475: FBI Counterintelligence Visits to Libraries. Hearings before the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights of the Committee on the Judiciary. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, Second Session, June 20 and July 13, 1988. - ERIC|
Focusing on the Library Awareness Program, these two congressional hearings scrutinize the efforts of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to collect counterintelligence data from librarians regarding their patrons. Two examples of proposed legislation to address the question of intellectual privacy and confidentiality are included. Testimony and prepared statements are featured from the following witnesses: (1) Duane Webster, Association of Research Libraries; (2) C...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Ethics; Hearings; Intellectual Freedom; Librarians; Library Associations; Library Circulation; Library Role; National Security; Privacy; Public Agencies; Public Libraries; Research Libraries; Role Conflict; Special Libraries
|ERIC ED368331: A Multitude of Risks in Multimedia. - ERIC|
Multimedia presentations offer educators and other communicators new avenues to reach audiences, but they combine a variety of legal hazards. Producers of multimedia can end up on the receiving end of lawsuits based on the many facets of copyright, privacy, and defamation law, as this guide illustrates. Copyright gives authors, composers, photographers, and others the right to protect creative efforts, and it serves to benefit the general public by encouraging creation of new works...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Art; Authors; Copyrights; Court Litigation; Creativity; Educational Media; Fair Use (Copyrights); Film Production; Intellectual Freedom; Legal Problems; Libel and Slander; Multimedia Instruction; Musical Composition; Privacy
|ERIC ED381797: "Read My Lips" and Other Rhetoric: A Qualitative Ethical Study of TAs Using Standardized Syllabi in First-Year Composition Classes. - ERIC|
Much has been written on the ethics of teaching syllabi that pursue a particular social agenda. Depending on the commentator, these syllabi have been characterized as transformative, socially responsible, political, politically correct, unethical and immoral. Throughout this literature, however, the assumption is that the teacher presenting the syllabus has designed it and feels invested in its goals...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Measures; Curriculum Evaluation; Ethics; Freshman Composition; Graduate Students; Higher Education; Intellectual Freedom; Politics; Qualitative Research; Surveys; Teaching Assistants
|ERIC ED336096: Oregon Intellectual Freedom Clearinghouse Annual Report. May 1987-June 30, 1988. - ERIC|
Established in May 1987 by the Oregon State Library to serve as a central clearinghouse for the collection of reports about challenges against library materials, the Oregon Intellectual Freedom Clearinghouse received a total of 17 formal challenges against library materials during its first year of operation. Of these, 10 challenges were received by 6 public libraries, and 7 were received by as many school library media centers...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adolescent Literature; Censorship; Childrens Literature; Elementary Secondary Education; Intellectual Freedom; Learning Resources Centers; Library Materials; Parent Grievances; Public Libraries; School Libraries
|ERIC ED362113: Independence for Swedish Universities and University Colleges. Sweden Is Preparing a Reform of Higher Education. - ERIC|
This paper briefly describes a higher education reform movement underway in Sweden and offers, respectively, the text and a summary of two policy-forming memoranda. A 1977 legislative decision on all postsecondary education gave the government authority to set education policy, and based the entire university and university college system on politically defined needs. This situation provoked strong criticism from students and college and university faculty...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Freedom; Educational Change; Educational Quality; Foreign Countries; Governance; Government Role; Government School Relationship; Higher Education; Institutional Autonomy; Intellectual Freedom; Policy Formation; Universities
|ERIC ED381819: Teaching Communication Ethics by Encouraging Values and Habits. - ERIC|
Learning the values of respect for the individual, fairness, responsible exercise of freedom, and belief in each person's ability to understand democracy is possible. Students should learn to practice four communication habits: the habit of search (teaching students that they are accountable and responsible for what they say); the habit of justice (teaching students to present facts and opinions fairly); the habit of preferring public to private motivations (teaching students to openly reveal th...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Citizenship; Citizenship Education; Citizenship Responsibility; Cultural Differences; Democracy; Democratic Values; Ethics; Habit Formation; Higher Education; Intellectual Freedom; Moral Development; Nominal Group Technique; Speech Communication
|ERIC ED367343: A Study of Four Public Libraries in Northeastern Ohio To Determine the Restriction of Access of Materials to Children. - ERIC|
This study of four public libraries in Northeastern Ohio was conducted to determine the amount, if any, of restriction of access of materials to minors. Four libraries were opportunistically selected, and the director and children's librarian in each were interviewed. The emerging hypothesis was that some restriction would occur. The written policies and procedures of each library were examined to determine if they were practiced in reality...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Access to Information; Adolescents; Censorship; Children; Elementary Secondary Education; Intellectual Freedom; Interviews; Librarians; Library Circulation; Library Collections; Library Policy; Personal Autonomy; Privacy; Public Libraries; Videotape Cassettes
|ERIC ED353662: A New Compact for Learning: Reifying Technocratic Rationality in New York State. - ERIC|
This paper argues that a conservative, illusory, and technocratic rationality pervades recent educational policymaking in New York State. A document called "A New Compact for Learning," published by the State Education Department in March 1991, is analyzed to show that technocratic rationality, a functionalist theory of educational policymaking and implementation, permeates the state's school improvement effort...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Conservatism; Educational Policy; Elementary Secondary Education; Intellectual Freedom; Policy Formation; Politics of Education; Power Structure; Public Schools; Statewide Planning
|ERIC ED321327: Censorship Battles in University Theatre for Young Audiences. - ERIC|
Some parents fear that what their children learn in school theatre programs departs from family values. School theatre proponents have opened a Pandora's box by promoting theatre's potential to teach, rather than focusing solely on its aesthetic goals. Both sides in the theatre censorship controversy share the misperception that theatre causes behavioral changes, when in fact there is no proof of causation...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Audience Response; Censorship; Childhood Attitudes; Elementary Secondary Education; Family Attitudes; Higher Education; Intellectual Freedom; Parent Child Relationship; Teacher Student Relationship; Theater Arts
|ERIC ED362893: Teachers' Attitudes about Intellectual Freedom and Books in the Elementary School. - ERIC|
A study of teachers' perceptions concerning intellectual freedom and book selection and use in the elementary school is described in this paper. A questionnaire was sent to a random sample of 452 public elementary school classroom teachers in Minnesota. Surveys were completed by teachers for a response rate of 83%. Results indicated that: (1) 20% of the teachers never participated in selection of books for the school library; (2) 59% of the respondents taught at schools that had no written polic...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Elementary Education; Elementary School Teachers; Intellectual Freedom; Public Schools; Reading Aloud to Others; Reading Material Selection; Teacher Attitudes; Teacher Behavior; Writing Research
|ERIC ED354560: Studies of Teachers' Decision-Making and Their Freedom of Expression. - ERIC|
This paper presents a literature review examining research that addresses the issue of freedom of expression as it relates to instructional decision-making for teachers in K-12 grades. The paper proposes to connect two sub-fields in speech communication: instructional communication and freedom of expression studies. In surveying the research, however, the paper examines numerous sources outside these fields...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Freedom; Censorship; Communication Research; Court Litigation; Decision Making; Elementary Secondary Education; Intellectual Freedom; Literature Reviews; Speech Communication; Teachers
|ERIC ED374463: Preserving Intellectual Freedom: Fighting Censorship in Our Schools. - ERIC|
Arguing that censorship is not simply an attempt to control what is taught in the schools but also an infringement on the legal learning rights of students, this collection of essays offers insights into how censorship can come about, its impacts and repercussions, and the ways it might be fought. The collection stresses action rather than reaction in guarding the preservation not just of the right to teach, but also of the right to learn...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Freedom; Censorship; Elementary Secondary Education; English Curriculum; Intellectual Freedom; Language Arts; Moral Issues; Public Schools; Student Rights; Teacher Response; Teaching Conditions
|ERIC ED375475: Curriculum Challenges in California: Third Statewide Survey of Challenges to Curriculum Materials and Services. - ERIC|
This paper presents findings of a longitudinal survey that gathered information on the number and types of challenges to curriculum and services in the California public schools. Data were collected from a questionnaire sent by the Board of Directors of the Educational Congress of California to every school-district superintendent in the state in 1990, 1991, and 1993. Sixty percent of the superintendents responding in 1993 indicated that challenges to curriculum had occurred in their districts...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Freedom; Boards of Education; Censorship; Conflict; Controversial Issues (Course Content); Curriculum Problems; Elementary Secondary Education; Intellectual Freedom; Moral Issues; Public Schools; Religious Conflict; School Districts
|ERIC ED359530: Argument, Free Speech, and the Politics of Deliberation in the Composition Classroom. - ERIC|
The classical marketplace metaphor for intellectual exchange forms the ideological basis for the way argument is still taught in composition classrooms, where supposedly students are being prepared to participate as full citizens in an equal democracy. However, such a view of democratic citizenship, free speech, and argument is open to criticism for many reasons. Three chapters on argument from commonly used composition textbooks were analyzed for signs of this ideology...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Course Content; Democracy; English Instruction; Freedom of Speech; Freshman Composition; Higher Education; Ideology; Intellectual Freedom; Marxian Analysis; Political Issues; Teacher Attitudes; Textbook Content
|ERIC ED333890: Oregon Intellectual Freedom Clearinghouse. Second Annual Report, July 1, 1988-June 30, 1989. - ERIC|
Challenges against library materials that were reported to the Oregon Intellectual Freedom Clearinghouse by Oregon libraries during its second full year of operation totalled 34 books, 13 of which were owned by public libraries and 21 by school libraries. The first challenge against an art exhibit in a public library was also reported. In 25 of the 34 cases, the materials were retained in the library through decisions made by local authorities; in three cases, access to materials was restricted,...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Censorship; Elementary Secondary Education; Intellectual Freedom; Learning Resources Centers; Library Materials; Public Libraries; School Libraries; State Agencies; State Libraries
|ERIC ED360955: Censorship and Selection. - ERIC|
The purpose of this study was to determine if a gap exists between the perceived expectation that Georgia elementary media specialists support intellectual freedom and their practice of materials selection. Randomly chosen media specialists were sent a questionnaire, results of which were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The majority of the media specialists employ established criteria to select materials...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Censorship; Childrens Literature; Elementary Education; Intellectual Freedom; Learning Resources Centers; Librarians; Library Material Selection; Library Policy; Library Surveys; Media Specialists; Questionnaires; School Libraries; Statistical Analysis
|ERIC ED386217: Attacks on the Freedom To Learn 1994-1995 Report. - ERIC|
This report is the 13th annual survey of censorship and related challenges to public education. The primary sources of information were teachers, librarians, school officials and parents who responded to mailed questionnaires or who contacted the researchers individually. In addition, information was gathered from news reports and various forms of outreach to parents and education professionals. The report is divided into two sections...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Case Studies; Censorship; Elementary Secondary Education; Information Sources; Intellectual Freedom; Public Education; Questionnaires; Reading Materials; Religious Factors; Student Developed Materials; Surveys; Trend Analysis
|ERIC ED344609: Personal Privacy and the Archivist. - ERIC|
This discussion of the protection of privacy as it relates to archival functions draws on the procedures followed by three repositories: the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library (NLF), the Michigan Historical Collections (MHC) at the University of Michigan, and the Walter P. Reuther Library of Labor and Urban Affairs (Reuther Library) at Wayne State University. The constitutional, common, and statutory law roots of the right to privacy concept are explored in detail, and a general overview of rep...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Archives; Civil Law; Confidential Records; Constitutional Law; Disclosure; Freedom of Information; Higher Education; Intellectual Freedom; Library Collections; Methods; Privacy
|ERIC ED302614: Expressions of Liberty. - ERIC|
The concept of liberty has been in the forefront of the minds of African Americans ever since the beginning of slavery, and its importance continues to the present. To cope with the inability to achieve complete freedom, and with the oppressive state created by a lack of liberty, they developed ways to express their feelings about the elusiveness of freedom. The African American vision of liberty was born in the experiences of capture, the "Middle Passage" across the Atlantic, and slavery in the...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Autobiographies; Black Culture; Black Education; Black History; Black Leadership; Black Organizations; Church Role; Civil Liberties; Civil Rights; Creative Expression; Cultural Background; Cultural Influences; Intellectual Freedom; Jazz; Music; Public Speaking; Self Expression; Singing; Slavery; United States History
|ERIC ED315093: Books and the World. Center for the Book Viewpoint Series No. 22. - ERIC|
The most ambitious connection that libraries can make in our time is the link between an individual and the rest of the world. Libraries are the places where books and other records of human memory and imagination are transmitted from one group of people to another, and librarians are the impresarios of the process. Personal experience and long study of Russian culture have shown that the answer to an important question is often more likely to be found in yesterday's book than in today's newspap...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Access to Information; Books; Cultural Awareness; Democratic Values; Futures (of Society); Global Approach; Independent Reading; Intellectual Freedom; Intellectual History; International Cooperation; Library Role; Literacy; Public Libraries; World History
|ERIC ED380390: A Bibliography on the Conservative Christian Movement and Public Schools in the Last Decade. - ERIC|
This bibliography lists articles and books written by both educators and conservative Christians, as well as some books that have been censored by the Religious Right. As many conservative Christians have become more active in politics, they also have become very active in and vocal about public schools. One particular target of criticism in the early 1990's has been outcome-based education. (Author/EH)
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Freedom; Censorship; Civil Liberties; Culture Conflict; Elementary Secondary Education; Freedom of Information; Intellectual Freedom; Moral Development; Moral Issues; Moral Values; Outcomes of Education; Professional Autonomy; Public Schools; Values; Values Education
|ERIC ED336097: Oregon Intellectual Freedom Clearinghouse: Third Annual Report. - ERIC|
The Oregon Intellectual Freedom Clearinghouse received reports of formal challenges to 25 books and 1 recording during the time period between July 1, 1989, and June 30, 1990. It is noted that 17 of the challenged items were held by public libraries and 9 by school library media centers, with 21 items designated as children's and young adult materials and 5 as materials for adults. In 20 of the libraries, the materials were retained; in one instance access to materials was restricted; and in one...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adolescent Literature; Censorship; Childrens Literature; Data Analysis; Elementary Secondary Education; Intellectual Freedom; Learning Resources Centers; Library Materials; Longitudinal Studies; Parent Grievances; Public Libraries; Reading Materials; School Libraries
|ERIC ED325959: Intellect and the "Tyrannical Machine": An Interpretation of Leadership Education. - ERIC|
A formative inquiry into the institutional dimension of educational leadership is presented. Based on the thesis that individual educational leadership is a myth derived from misconceptions about social institutions and from the failure of the institution of education to value intellect, the paper demonstrates that these shortcomings stem from the power relationships in schools and the educational system...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Elementary Secondary Education; Institutional Mission; Institutional Role; Instructional Leadership; Intellectual Development; Intellectual Experience; Intellectual Freedom; Leadership; Leadership Responsibility; Management Development; Organizational Climate; Personal Autonomy; Power Structure; School Restructuring; Teacher Role
|ERIC ED358846: The Confidentiality of Library Users' Records. - ERIC|
Many activities that take place in the library, including circulation and interlibrary loan and reserve requests, result in the creation of records linking clients to specific kinds of information. Several groups, including law enforcement officials, have attempted on various occasions to gain access to these records. This research paper provides a broad overview of the legal and ethical issues regarding the confidentiality of library user's records, including federal, state, and court protectio...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Confidential Records; Confidentiality; Constitutional Law; Court Litigation; Freedom of Information; Intellectual Freedom; Interlibrary Loans; Legal Problems; Libraries; Library Circulation; Library Services; Privacy; Public Libraries; State Legislation; Users (Information)
|ERIC ED356804: Selection Policies and Reevaluation Procedures: A Workbook. - ERIC|
This workbook was prepared in order to assist public school officials in the development of appropriate procedures for the selection of educational resources, handling of complaints, and reevaluation of such material. The workbook was developed by borrowing and adapting language from selection policies from a variety of sources. Introductory material addresses related Minnesota State Board policy and regulation; the purpose of selection policies; developing a selection policy; using the workbook...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Censorship; Educational Policy; Elementary Secondary Education; Evaluation Criteria; Evaluation Methods; Freedom of Information; Intellectual Freedom; Learning Resources Centers; Library Material Selection; Library Policy; Media Selection; Problems; Public Schools; School Libraries
|ERIC ED385918: Schooling, the Dissenters, and Wollstonecraft. - ERIC|
This paper examines the relationship between the educational philosophy of Mary Wollstonecraft and the Dissenters of England. The paper describes the intellectual and political climate of 18th century England, the Dissenting movement, the Dissenting academies, and Wollstonecraft's associations with the Dissenters. During the 1600s and 1700s, religious and political issues were inseparable in England...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Access to Education; Educational History; Educational Philosophy; Elementary Secondary Education; Equal Education; Feminism; Foreign Countries; Higher Education; Intellectual Freedom; Role of Education; Sex Discrimination; Social Action; State Church Separation
|ERIC ED381460: Elementary Teacher Attitudes and Beliefs Regarding Religion and Education Compared with the American Population as a Whole, and Related Legal Decisions. - ERIC|
This paper proposes that U.S. teachers are mostly uninformed and misinformed about the appropriate place of religion on the school campus and in the classroom. Four critical questions are addressed; (1) What does the U.S. Constitution say about education and/or religion? (2) What are the current court decisions regarding specific religious teaching or activities in the school, and how informed are elementary teachers about these decisions? (3) Regarding religion and related curriculum, what do e...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Freedom; Attitudes; Beliefs; Civil Liberties; Constitutional Law; Elementary Education; Elementary School Teachers; Intellectual Freedom; Law Related Education; Parochial Schools; Public Schools; Religion Studies; State Church Separation; Teacher Rights
|ERIC ED350936: Telling the Truth. A Report on the State of the Humanities in Higher Education. - ERIC|
This report examines the problem of the pervasiveness of politics in today's higher education, particularly in the humanities, and argues the need for college and university campuses to return to seeking the truth and telling it rather than straying into the position that the aim of education is for students to become politically transformed. Too often, it is argued, classrooms are being used to advance a political agenda, and for students to resist such efforts in teaching often means to risk o...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Freedom; Educational Environment; Freedom of Speech; Higher Education; Humanities; Intellectual Development; Intellectual Freedom; Political Influences; Politics of Education; Role of Education; Social Change; Teacher Administrator Relationship; Teacher Student Relationship